Well, not totally the whole of the Philippines yet. Initially, Manila and Cavite as the base, but with the intention of occupying the whole country. But it prevented them to spread further outside Manila, when the original Spanish colonizers and its Filipino allies resisted the Royal soldiers.
Why did Great Britain invade us?
Britain and France were at war against each other, it was famously called the Seven Years’ War (1754 – 1763) even if it spanned for more than 7 years.
Britain was called Great Britain for nothing. They were the most powerful nation in the world at the time. They lorded over many smaller nations, and also invaded countries sieged earlier by Muhammad’s descendants and took it as their new colony.
France was another enemy on the brink of being defeated by Britain. Spain was an ally of France. The Philippines was the colony of Spain, so it was the next potential target.
On January 4, 1762, Britain first declared war against Spain, then the latter on January 18 that same year.
The British fleet arrived in Manila on September 24 , 1762 headed by Brigadier-General William Draper and Rear-Admiral Samuel Cornish.
Spain colony defeated
The defeat of the Spanish colony in the Philippines was already expected, it didn’t have an official Governor-General, the previous one died in 1759, and the next one got delayed as he was also defending another Spanish colony in Cuba.
The occupation was limited
The British forces encountered solid resistance, not just from the Spanish, the latter have successfully forged an unlikely alliance, more on this later.
In just 9 days after the Royal forces arrived, Manila fell on October 5, 1762. But siege in the nearby towns and provinces was going to be a daunting task.
The End of the British invasion
The British Empire halted their occupation when the “Treaty of Paris” was signed on February 10, 1763, by four nations – Britain, France, Spain and Portugal, thus ended their so-called Seven Years’ War.
On April 1764, the last remaining British soldier left Manila and Cavite.